The brand new Christian similar keyword is campaign, “a campaign or conflict approved of the Chapel against unbelievers or heretics
ecumenical: international. Once the used on faith, the brand new word’s latest used to suggest venture certainly one of religious groups began that have a twentieth millennium path producing the notion of an inter-confessional Religious unity.
Gnosticism: the fact salvation is to be obtained in the shape of magic education hence the material world is evil. Gnostic mystery religions abounded regarding Roman Empire. The first Religious chapel was fragmented into certain sects, many of which taught a Gnostic brand of new faith.
Immaculate Conception: the brand new Roman Catholic philosophy the Virgin Mary are invented without Fresh Sin (the fresh new sin out-of Adam-and-eve shown to all the individuals)
heresy: a religious thoughts, otherwise adherence to help you including an impression, that is in contrast to an established spiritual knowledge. The phrase is inspired by Greek hairesis, “step regarding delivering, choices, sect.” To begin with an effective heresy is merely a big change regarding advice. It became a religious offense, have a tendency to penalized of the dying.
Hinduism: a body off personal, cultural, and you may religion and means receive chiefly into the Asia. It offers a conviction during the reincarnation and you may transmigration of souls.
indulgence: inside Roman Catholicism, good remission from discipline, especially discipline inside Purgatory (in the Catholic belief, Purgatory is an intermediate place of filtration to possess souls that departed tarnished which have slight sins not worthy of endless discipline from inside the Hell).
It is not a similar thing as the Virgin Birth, “the fact Goodness is divinely begotten and miraculously produced out-of an excellent virgin mom.”
jihad: good holy battle with respect to Islam. ” Exact crusades was popular around Years and have been brought against Religious heretics and low-Christians. Today the term is used figuratively so you’re able to suggest “people remedial craft pursued that have hobby and you will love.” The same meaning is linked to jihad.
lay: not in the holy instructions. Within the an effective monastery you will find monks just who pray and you may do mental really works, and those who perform manual work and you can deal with secular affairs. The latter are known as place brothers. The term keeps spread to non-spiritual disciplines. Somebody who lacks professional experience with a certain industry is named an excellent layman. When you look at the a church mode it’s possible to talk about this new clergy and you can the brand new laity (non-clerical members of brand new chapel).
orthodox: during the agreement toward official philosophy off certain faith. The term is from Greek orthodoxein, “to obtain the right opinion.” The newest noun are orthodoxy. Deviation out-of orthodoxy is named heterodoxy.
pagan – This is exactly a term tough to describe in the even particularly an effective low cures because. On early Christians, an excellent pagan try an excellent believer when you look at the polytheistic religion. The expression in the first place suggested “country dweller.” Brand new outlying people are slowly to adopt Christianity versus city dwellers, most likely as their religion try closely destined to farming time periods. These day there are religious groups that select by themselves since Pagans. Progressive paganism are earth-built you need to include polytheistic values. The phrase heathen is used pejoratively so you’re able to suggest a person as opposed to religion. Particularly pagan, heathen along with what to the fact non-area dwellers tended to refuse spiritual changes. Heath comes from a word definition “field.” Heathen is actually to start with an adjective definition “of your heath.”
profane: perhaps not holy. Something unrelated so you can religion and you will spirituality was profane. The expression can also be used as the a verb meaning “to treat something sacred with irreverence.”