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What Is Zoloft?

What Is Zoloft

Zoloft is an SSRI antidepressant. It is a type of medication that aims to give stability to the amount of serotonin in the brain. Having established itself as a premier antidepressant in the United States, Zoloft also finds itself getting prescribed for treating various eating disorders, and sometimes, to cure insomnia as well.

What Are The Symptoms Zoloft Alleviates?

Zoloft is prescribed by doctors across the US to treat the symptoms of:

  • Depression (it is an antidepressant, after all)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Panic
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)


On occasions, Zoloft is prescribed for the premenstrual dysphoric disorder as well.

How Does Zoloft Work?

As Zoloft is an SSRI antidepressant, one must know how they work in the first place. A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) works by blocking the neurons of the brain from absorbing serotonin. This creates the opportunity for serotonin to be more available and for it to facilitate connections between neurons, thereby relieving disorders that are caused by the shortage of serotonin, the neurotransmitter. When healthy levels of serotonin are the reality, a person invariably experiences better emotions, finds themselves sleeping with more ease, with a generally increased zest for life.

Can There Be A Zoloft Addiction?

can there be a zoloft addiction

The brief answer would be a no. This is because Zoloft is designed to be a long-term medication, and as of this date, there is no clinical evidence of Zoloft being responsible for “actual” addiction. So, are Zoloft prescriptions completely safe then? The answer to this would also be a no.

Although there is no inherent risk associated with the medication, it is a mind-altering substance at the end of the day. This element alone can cause dependence on the drug. Are there side effects of stopping Zoloft? The dependency it can cause can indeed drive a user to experience Zoloft withdrawal side effects.

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Zoloft Withdrawal Symptoms

Since Zoloft is an SSRI, any withdrawal symptoms one faces would fall under the category of SSRI Discontinuation Syndrome. This syndrome reportedly affects every fifth person who is prescribed an SSRI. Although Zoloft’s effects vanish quickly upon stoppage, it is to be noted that this can also cause the levels of serotonin to deplete. Users of an SSRI such as Zoloft are recommended to gradually stop the drug(s) to avoid the consequences of a “Cold Turkey” stoppage.

Upon quitting Zoloft, the brain will eventually adjust to the post-Zoloft levels of serotonin, but until such a stage is reached, adverse reactions can be expected from the body, with withdrawal effects lasting 1 to 3 weeks. Though the severity of Zoloft withdrawal effects depends on how long someone uses Zoloft, the symptoms are all fairly common, such as:

  • Rebound depression
  • Rebound anxiety
  • Chills
  • Fits of dizziness
  • Painful headaches
  • Irritability
  • Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
  • Concentration problems
  • Suicidal thoughts and ideation
  • Vertigo
  • Nausea
  • Recurring vivid nightmares


Are There Other Side Effects Of Zoloft?

While there are similarities to Zoloft’s withdrawal effects and its general side effects, the latter can include other symptoms such as:

  • Indigestion
  • Loss of appetite
  • Libido issues
  • Restlessness
  • Excess sweating
  • Tremors


Zoloft, much like other SSRI antidepressants can be wonderful in its prescribed amounts but it is prudent to understand the dangers it could unleash if it goes wrong.


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